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Author Żagan, W.,; Skarżyński, K.
Title Analysis of light pollution from floodlighting: Is there a different approach to floodlighting? Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Light and Engineering Abbreviated Journal
Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages (down) 75-82
Keywords LED lighting
Abstract The research which was prepared for this paper was inspired by a real floodlit object. The main distinctive feature is connected with the directionality of its lighting. The „Sezam” building was one of the first to be illuminated in the opposite way to the usual manner of floodlighting. The analysis, based on the measurement of horizontal illuminance on the pavement in front of the building andof theluminance on the facade, leads to some very unusual conclusions. It goes deeper than merely the assessment of the phenomenon of light pollution in the context of floodlighting. Additionally, a short survey about the preferences of lighting directionality in floodlighting and the general concept of light pollution was conducted on a group of over a dozen people. It turned out that people are quite aware of the phenomenon of light pollution and they rather prefer illumination from floodlighting to be from bottom to top.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2450
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Author Gaston, K.J.; Davies, T.W.; Nedelec, S.L.; Holt, L.A.
Title Impacts of Artificial Light at Night on Biological Timings Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Abbreviated Journal Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
Volume 48 Issue 1 Pages (down) 49-68
Keywords Animals; Plants; Review
Abstract The use of artificial lighting to illuminate the night has provided substantial benefits to humankind. It has also disrupted natural daily, seasonal, and lunar light cycles as experienced by a diversity of organisms, and hence it has also altered cues for the timings of many biological activities. Here we review the evidence for impacts of artificial nighttime lighting on these timings. Although the examples are scattered, concerning a wide variety of species and environments, the breadth of such impacts is compelling. Indeed, it seems reasonable to conclude that the vast majority of impacts of artificial nighttime lighting stem from effects on biological timings. This adds support to arguments that artificial nighttime lighting has a quite pervasive and marked impact on ecological systems, that the rapid expansion in the global extent of both direct illuminance and skyglow is thus of significant concern, and that a widespread implementation of mitigation measures is required.
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ISSN 1543-592X ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2449
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Author Elvidge, C.D.; Safran, J.; Tuttle, B.; Sutton, P.; Cinzano, P.; Pettit, D.; Arvesen, J.; Small, C.
Title Potential for global mapping of development via a nightsat mission Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication GeoJournal Abbreviated Journal GeoJournal
Volume 69 Issue 1-2 Pages (down) 45-53
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Nightsat is a concept for a satellite system capable of global observation of the location, form and density of lighted infrastructure and development within human settlements. Nightsat’s repeat cycle should be sufficient to produce an annual cloud-free composite of surface lighting to enable detection of growth rates. Airborne and satellite imagery have been used to define the range of spatial, spectral, and detection limit options for a future Nightsat mission. Our conclusion is that Nightsat should collect data from a near-synchronous orbit in the early evening with 50–100 m spatial resolution and have detection limits of 2.5E−8 W cm−2 sr−1 μm−1 or better. Multispectral low-light imaging data would be better than panchromatic data by providing valuable information on the type or character of lighting, a potentially stronger predictor of variables such as ambient population density and economic activity.
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ISSN 0343-2521 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2439
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Author Garstang, R.H.
Title The Status and Prospects for Ground-Based Observatory Sites Type Journal Article
Year 1989 Publication Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages (down) 19-40
Keywords Skyglow
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ISSN 0066-4146 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2437
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Author Ou, J.; Liu, X.; Liu, P.; Liu, X.
Title Evaluation of Luojia 1-01 nighttime light imagery for impervious surface detection: A comparison with NPP-VIIRS nighttime light data Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Volume 81 Issue Pages (down) 1-12
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Impervious surface detection is significant to urban dynamic monitoring and environment management. One of the most effective approaches to evaluating the impervious surface is the use of nighttime light imagery. However, little work on this subject was carried out with the new generation nighttime light data from Luojia 1-01 satellite, which has a finer spatial resolution than the predecessors such as the nightlight data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) sensor on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) Satellite. Therefore, this study conducted the first investigation of the capacity of Luojia 1-01 nighttime light data in detecting the extent and degree of impervious surfaces. Focusing on three cities of Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, several maps of the spatial extent of impervious surface areas were first extracted from two types of nighttime lights data (Luojia 1-01 and NPP-VIIRS data) by applying a dynamic threshold segmentation method. Meanwhile, a series of polynomial regression models were adopted to estimate the relation between imperiousness degree and light intensity. The results compared with the reference data derived from Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) show that Luojia 1-01 data can produce a more precise map of the spatial extent of impervious surfaces than NPP-VIIRS data owing to the finer spatial resolution and the wider measurement range. Nevertheless, Luojia 1-01 data failed to provide reliable estimates of the imperviousness degree in comparison with NPP-VIIRS data as this nighttime light imagery with finer spatial resolution can better discriminate the surfaces that have the same imperviousness degree but are illuminated with different light intensities, consequently resulting in a weak correlation between imperviousness degree and light intensity. The over- and under-estimates of imperviousness degree suggested an increase in spatial resolution of nightlight imagery does not always improve the accuracy and reliability of nighttime light-based estimations. These study results confirmed that Luojia 1-01 nightlight imagery is a potential and promising data source for mapping the spatial extent of impervious surface areas, but difficult to accurately estimate the imperviousness degree. Future research may improve the accuracy of imperviousness degree estimation by integrating the Luojia 1-01 nightlight imagery with other useful data sources.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0303-2434 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2436
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