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Author (down) Wilson, T., & Xiong, X. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Intercomparison of the SNPP and NOAA-20 VIIRS DNB High-Gain Stage Using Observations of Bright Stars Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-8  
  Keywords Remote Sensing; Instrumentation  
  Abstract The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on board the Suomi-NPP (SNPP) and NOAA-20 (N20) spacecrafts is a multispectral Earth-observing instrument with bands covering wavelengths from visible to long-wave infrared. Among these bands is a panchromatic day/night band (DNB) with a broad spectral response ranging from 500 to 900 nm, and a high dynamic range spanning over seven orders of magnitude, allowing for observations to take place during both daytime and nighttime. The DNB operates at three gain levels, with low- and mid-gain stages and two high-gain stages (HGSs). The HGS is capable of detecting dim city lights during Earth-view observations at night as well as bright stars through the instrument space-view port. Since SNPP and N20 are at opposite points of the same orbit, each VIIRS instrument is able to observe the same stars with the DNB in successive orbits. This will allow us to make a direct comparison of the relative calibration of each instrument using stars over a range of spectral classes. In this article, we develop methodology for accurately identifying target stars in order to make proper comparisons between the DNB HGS of each instrument. We then take observations from multiple stars in order to compute the ratio in the measured irradiance for each instrument as a function of spectral class. For K-type stars, which have the least spectral change over the DNB wavelength range, we measure a calibration bias between the SNPP and N20 DNB HGS of approximately 4%, which is stable over the duration of the N20 mission.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2959  
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Author (down) Warrant, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Superior vision in nocturnal insects inspires new night vision technologies Type Newspaper Article
  Year 2016 Publication SPIE Newsroom Abbreviated Journal SPIE Newsroom  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Vision; Animals; Instrumentation  
  Abstract Algorithms that dramatically improve the quality of video sequences captured in very dim light have been developed on the basis of the neural mechanisms in nocturnal insects with excellent visual capabilities.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1818-2259 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @; GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1418  
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Author (down) Wang, G., Wang, S., Zhang, L., Sun, F., Yan, F., & Yang, X. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A New Light Control Method with Charge Induction of Moving Target Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication IEEE Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 19 Issue 16 Pages  
  Keywords Lighting; Instrumentation  
  Abstract Intelligent lamp control system has been widely studied all over the world because of its energy saving and social effect. In this paper, a new intelligent lamp control method based on charge induction for moving target is proposed. The detection model is established with the surface charge induction and verified by a luggage detection experiment. The intelligent lamp control system using the detection method is carried out. The performance of the system demonstrates that the proposed method can detect the moving target at any orientation whatever with or without occlusion and the detection distance can reach more than 3 m for the pedestrian.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2470  
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Author (down) Wallner, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Usage of Vertical Fisheye-Images to Quantify Urban Light Pollution on Small Scales and the Impact of LED Conversion Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal of Imaging Abbreviated Journal J. Imaging  
  Volume 5 Issue 11 Pages 86  
  Keywords Instrumentation  
  Abstract The aim of this work was to develop an easy and quick technique for characterizing various lighting situations, that is, single lamps or illuminated signs and to quantify impacts on small scales like streets, buildings and near areas. The method uses a DSLR-camera equipped with fisheye-lens and the software Sky Quality Camera, both commonly used as part of night sky imagery in the light pollution community, to obtain information about luminance and correlated colour temperature. As a difference to its usual build-up, observed light emitting sources were captured by pointing the camera towards analysed objects, that is, images were taken via vertical plane imaging with very short exposure times under one second. Results have proven that this technique provides a practical way to quantify the lighting efficacy in a certain place or area, as a quantitative analysis of the direct emission towards the observer and the illumination on surroundings, that is, street surfaces, sidewalks and buildings, was performed. When conducting lamp conversions, the method can be used to characterize the gradient of change and could be a useful tool for municipalities to find the optimal lighting solution. The paper shows examples of different lighting situations like single lamps of different types, also containing various luminaires, illuminated billboards or buildings and impacts of the lighting transition to LEDs in the city of Eisenstadt, Austria. The horizontal fisheye method is interdisciplinary applicable, for example, being suitable for lighting management, to sustainability and energy saving purposes.  
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  ISSN 2313-433X ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2749  
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Author (down) Wahl, F.; Kantermann, T.; Amft, O. url  doi
openurl 
  Title How much Light do you get? Estimating Daily Light Exposure using Smartphones Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication Proceedings of the 2014 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers Abbreviated Journal Proc. of the 2014 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers  
  Volume n/a Issue n/a Pages 43-46  
  Keywords Instrumentation; light exposure; context inference, light intensity; light intake; circadian clock; circadian rhythm; mobile sensing  
  Abstract We present an approach to estimate a persons light exposure using smartphones. We used web-sourced weather reports combined with smartphone light sensor data, time of day, and indoor/outdoor information, to estimate illuminance around the user throughout a day. Since light dominates every human’s circadian rhythm and influences the sleep-wake cycle, we developed a smartphone-based system that does not re- quire additional sensors for illuminance estimation. To evaluate our approach, we conducted a free-living study with 12 users, each carrying a smartphone, a head-mounted light reference sensor, and a wrist-worn light sensing device for six consecutive days. Estimated light values were compared to the head-mounted reference, the wrist-worn device and a mean value estimate. Our results show that illuminance could be estimated at less than 20% error for all study participants, outperforming the wrist-worn device. In 9 out of 12 participants the estimation deviated less than 10% from the reference measurements.  
  Address ACTLab, Chair of Sensor Technology, University of Passau (florian.wahl@uni-passau.de)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ACM Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1206  
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