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Author Duriscoe, D.M. url  openurl
  Title Measuring Anthropogenic Sky Glow Using a Natural Sky Brightness Model. Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 125 Issue 933 Pages 1370-1382  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract Anthropogenic sky glow (a result of light pollution) combines with the natural background brightness of the night sky when viewed by an observer on the earth’s surface. In order to measure the anthropogenic component accurately, the natural component must be identified and subtracted. A model of the moonless natural sky brightness in the V-band was constructed from existing data on the Zodiacal Light, an airglow model based on the van Rhijn function, and a model of integrated starlight (including diffuse galactic light) constructed from images made with the same equipment used for sky brightness observations. The model also incorporates effective extinction by the atmosphere and is improved at high zenith angles (>80°) by the addition of atmospheric diffuse light. The model may be projected onto local horizon coordinates for a given observation at a resolution of 0.05° over the hemisphere of the sky, allowing it to be accurately registered with data images obtained from any site. Zodiacal Light and integrated starlight models compare favorably with observations from remote dark sky sites, matching within ± 8 nL over 95% of the sky. The natural airglow may be only approximately modeled, errors of up to ± 25 nL are seen when the airglow is rapidly changing or has considerable character (banding); ± 8 nL precision may be expected under favorable conditions. When subtracted from all-sky brightness data images, the model significantly improves estimates of sky glow from anthropogenic sources, especially at sites that experience slight to moderate light pollution.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 539  
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Author Walker, M.F. url  openurl
  Title The effects of urban lighting on the brightness of the night sky Type Journal Article
  Year 1977 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 89 Issue 529 Pages  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract A new study of urban lighting and its effect on the brightness of the night sky indicates: (1) The total light output of cities of similar economic development is at least approximately proportional to their populations. (2) The artificial illumination of the night sky at 45 ° altitude in the direction of the illuminating city varies as I∝ D¯²⁵ .(3) The distance at which cities of a given population produce a brightening of the sky of 0.2 magnitude at 45° altitude toward the city varies as P∝ D2.5 .  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 561  
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Author Hoag, A.A. url  openurl
  Title City Sky Glow Monitoring at Kitt Peak. Type Journal Article
  Year 1973 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 85 Issue 507 Pages 503-507  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract Photographs of night sky have been taken from Kitt Peak on clear moonless nights to provide a record of changes in contamination from artificial lights. Quantitative measures confirm the obvious qualitative impression that city sky-glow brightness is increasing as is the case at most existing observatory sites.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 565  
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Author Walker, M.F. url  openurl
  Title Light Pollution in California and Arizona. Type Journal Article
  Year 1973 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 85 Issue 507 Pages 508-519  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract The present and future effect of artificial illumination on ground-based optical astronomical observations in California and Arizona is discussed. It is concluded that the effectiveness of all major observatories in these states is presently or potentially limited by light pollution. Consequently, it is essential that immediate efforts be undertaken to: (1) Control outdoor illumination to lengthen the useful life of existing observatory sites, and (2) Identify and protect the best remaining sites both within and outside the United States. The characteristics and probable locations of the best sites for ground-based optical astronomical observations are discussed.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 567  
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Author Walker, M.F. openurl 
  Title The California Site Survey. Type Journal Article
  Year 1970 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 82 Issue Pages 672-698  
  Keywords Skyglow  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 568  
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