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Author (up) Macgregor, C.J.; Evans, D.M.; Fox, R.; Pocock, M.J.O. url  doi
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  Title The dark side of street lighting: impacts on moths and evidence for the disruption of nocturnal pollen transport Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Global Change Biology Abbreviated Journal Glob Chang Biol  
  Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 697-707  
  Keywords Animals; Ecology  
  Abstract Among drivers of environmental change, artificial light at night is relatively poorly understood, yet is increasing on a global scale. The community-level effects of existing street lights on moths and their biotic interactions have not previously been studied. Using a combination of sampling methods at matched-pairs of lit and unlit sites, we found significant effects of street lighting: moth abundance at ground level was halved at lit sites, species richness was >25% lower, and flight activity at the level of the light was 70% greater. Furthermore, we found that 23% of moths carried pollen of at least 28 plant species and that there was a consequent overall reduction in pollen transport at lit sites. These findings support the disruptive impact of lights on moth activity, which is one proposed mechanism driving moth declines, and suggest that street lighting potentially impacts upon pollination by nocturnal invertebrates. We highlight the importance of considering both direct and cascading impacts of artificial light.  
  Address Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27251575 Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1520  
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