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Author Schwarting, T., McIntire, J., Oudrari, H., & Xiong, X
Title JPSS-1/NOAA-20 VIIRS Day-Night Band Prelaunch Radiometric Calibration and Performance Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 1-13
Keywords Instrumentation
Abstract The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on board the first Joint Polar-Orbiting Satellite System series 1 (JPSS-1) has a panchromatic, three gain stage, day-night band (DNB) capable of imaging the Earth under illumination conditions ranging from reflected moonlight to daytime scenes. The DNB has four charged-coupled devices (CCDs) with 32 different modes of time-delay integration and subpixel aggregation to achieve high SNR in low light conditions while maintaining roughly constant spatial resolution across scan. During the prelaunch testing phase, these 32 different aggregation modes are separately calibrated over a large dynamic range (covering seven orders of magnitude) through a series of radiometric tests designed to generate initial calibration coefficients for the sensor data record (SDR) operational algorithm, assess radiometric performance, and determine compliance with the sensor design requirements. Early in the environmental testing at the Raytheon El Segundo facility, nonlinear behavior was discovered in some DNB edge of scan aggregation modes at low signal levels. In response to this nonlinearity, the test program was altered to characterize the radiometric performance both in the baseline configuration and with a modified aggregation scheme that eliminates the modes used at the end of scan, replacing them with an unaffected adjacent mode and trading off spatial resolution for improved linearity. Presented in this paper is the radiometric performance under both sensor configurations including dynamic range, sensitivity, radiometric uncertainty, and nonlinearity along with a discussion of the potential impact to DNB on-orbit calibration and SDR performance.
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