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Author (up) Tamir, R.; Eyal, G.; Cohen, I.; Loya, Y. url  doi
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  Title Effects of Light Pollution on the Early Life Stages of the Most Abundant Northern Red Sea Coral Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Microorganisms Abbreviated Journal Microorganisms  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages  
  Keywords LED lights; anthropogenic disturbance; coral recruitment; coral reefs; ecosystem management; fluorescent lights; light pollution; photosynthesis.  
  Abstract The growth in human population along coastal areas is exposing marine environments to increasing anthropogenic light sources. Despite the potential effects of this modern phenomenon, very few studies have examined its implications for corals. Here, we present a long-term study of coral early life stages under light pollution conditions at night. Coral larvae were collected from Stylophora pistillata colonies, and then settled and grown under experimental conditions of two different common city lighting methods (fluorescent or LED). Effects of the artificial lighting on the coral settlement success, survivorship, growth rate, photosynthetic efficiency, and calcification rate were examined over a period of one year. The control exhibited ~30% higher settlement success compared to the two light treatments, while under the light treatments corals showed higher survivorship, growth, and calcification rates. In addition, an indication of damage to the photosynthetic system was found in the light-polluted corals, which was reflected in their photosynthesis efficiency parameters: i.e., lower maximum light utilization coefficient (alpha), lower maximum potential photosynthetic rate (Pmax), and lower photosynthetic maximal quantum yield (Fv/Fm). Our findings provide evidence of the potential adverse effects of artificial lighting methods on the natural environment of coral reefs. We conclude that the use of the LED lighting method has high interference potential for the early life stages of corals.  
  Address School of Zoology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel; raztamir6 ( at ) gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher MDPI Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2076-2607 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:32023896; PMCID:PMC7074826 Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 3412  
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