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Author (up) Boyce, P.R.; Gutkowski, J.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The if, why and what of street lighting and street crime: A review Type Journal Article
  Year 1995 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research and Technology  
  Volume 27 Issue 2 Pages 103-112  
  Keywords Society; Safety  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1009  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Burkert, Fried, M. openurl 
  Title Licht als Last. Wie künstliche Lichtquellen aus Sicht des Naturschutzes zu bewerten sind. Type Magazine Article
  Year 1995 Publication Landschaftsarchitektur Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 25 Issue 5 Pages 28–30  
  Keywords Animals  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language German Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 696  
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Author (up) Czeisler, C.A.; Shanahan, T.L.; Klerman, E.B.; Martens, H.; Brotman, D.J.; Emens, J.S.; Klein, T.; Rizzo, J.F. 3rd url  doi
openurl 
  Title Suppression of melatonin secretion in some blind patients by exposure to bright light Type Journal Article
  Year 1995 Publication The New England Journal of Medicine Abbreviated Journal N Engl J Med  
  Volume 332 Issue 1 Pages 6-11  
  Keywords Human Health; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Blindness/etiology/*physiopathology; Circadian Rhythm; Female; Humans; *Light; Male; Melatonin/blood/*secretion; Middle Aged; Photic Stimulation; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/physiopathology; Visual Perception  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Complete blindness generally results in the loss of synchronization of circadian rhythms to the 24-hour day and in recurrent insomnia. However, some blind patients maintain circadian entrainment. We undertook this study to determine whether some blind patients' eyes convey sufficient photic information to entrain the hypothalamic circadian pacemaker and suppress melatonin secretion, despite an apparently complete loss of visual function. METHODS: We evaluated the input of light to the circadian pacemaker by testing the ability of bright light to decrease plasma melatonin concentrations in 11 blind patients with no conscious perception of light and in 6 normal subjects. We also evaluated circadian entrainment over time in the blind patients. RESULTS: Plasma melatonin concentrations decreased during exposure to bright light in three sightless patients by an average (+/- SD) of 69 +/- 21 percent and in the normal subjects by an average of 66 +/- 15 percent. When two of these blind patients were tested with their eyes covered during exposure to light, plasma melatonin did not decrease. The three blind patients reported no difficulty sleeping and maintained apparent circadian entrainment to the 24-hour day. Plasma melatonin concentrations did not decrease during exposure to bright light in seven of the remaining blind patients; in the eighth, plasma melatonin was undetectable. These eight patients reported a history of insomnia, and in four the circadian temperature rhythm was not entrained to the 24-hour day. CONCLUSIONS: The visual subsystem that mediates light-induced suppression of melatonin secretion remains functionally intact in some sightless patients. The absence of photic input to the circadian system thus constitutes a distinct form of blindness, associated with periodic insomnia, that afflicts most but not all patients with no conscious perception of light.  
  Address Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0028-4793 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:7990870 Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 732  
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Author (up) Elvik, R. url  openurl
  Title Meta-analysis of Evaluations of Public Lighting as Accident Countermeasure Type Journal Article
  Year 1995 Publication In: Transportation Research Record Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1485 Issue Pages 112-123  
  Keywords Economy  
  Abstract A meta-analysis of 37 studies evaluating the safety effects of public lighting is reported. The 37 studies contain a total of 142 results. The studies included were reported from 1948 to 1989 in 11 different countries. The presence of publication bias was tested by the funnel graph method. It was concluded that there is no evidence of publication bias and that it makes sense to estimate a weighted mean safety effect of public lighting on the basis of the 142 individual results. This is done by the log-odds method of meta-analysis. The validity of the combined results was tested against a number of rival hypotheses. It was concluded that the results are unlikely to have been caused by regression-to-the-mean and secular accident trends. The results were robust with respect to research design, decade of study, country of study, and type of traffic environment studied. The safety effects of public lighting were, however, sensitive to accident severity and type of accident. It was concluded that the best current estimates of the safety effects of public lighting are, in rounded values, a 65 percent reduction in nighttime fatal accidents, a 30 percent reduction in nighttime injury accidents, and a 15 percent reduction in nighttime property-damage-only accidents.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 878  
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Author (up) Salmon, M.; Reiners, R.; Lavin, C.; Wyneken, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Behavior of Loggerhead Sea Turtles on an Urban Beach. I. Correlates of Nest Placement Type Journal Article
  Year 1995 Publication Journal of Herpetology Abbreviated Journal Journal of Herpetology  
  Volume 29 Issue 4 Pages 560  
  Keywords Animals  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0022-1511 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 415  
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